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Will Brexit in the UK cause a mess in the port?

  • Author:MIKEY
  • Source:Sunny Worldwide Logistics
  • Release Date:2019-10-22
On October 14, the Queen of England emphasized in the parliament speech that the government will ensure that the UK will leave the EU on October 31. At around 17:35 pm on October 17, the President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, announced on Twitter that the EU and the UK have reached a "fair and balanced agreement." Affected by the Brexit storm, the agricultural, industrial and transportation industries in the UK and Europe have experienced different degrees of recession. Will the port industry, which is directly affected by the Brexit, will be in chaos after 15 days?

A few days ago, Maersk, Hapag-Lloyd, Ocean Network (ONE) and other shipping companies issued emergency notices to remind customers to prepare for Brexit.


Maersk said in the notice that Brexit means that the UK will no longer be bound by trade agreements between the EU and foreign countries, and will not enjoy any applicable trade agreements with EU member states. Without other bilateral trade agreements, trade between the UK and these countries will follow the general rules of the World Trade Organization (WTO), which will affect customs clearance processes, tariffs and many other links related to cargo transportation, ultimately affecting logistics.

Maersk specifically reminded that if the goods are shipped before the Brexit date, but the goods have arrived in the UK, the UK has already left the EU. At this time, the goods will be subject to the new “Brexit” clause, which may be related to the “Before the Brexit” clause. Very big difference. Under the original EU unified customs system, there is no need for repeated customs clearance and tax payment procedures for goods entering and leaving the UK.


Hapag-Lloyd said on its official website that after the Brexit, all the cargo loaded at the London port, all the cargo previously loaded at the EU port (such as Rotterdam), and the cargo that remained on board when it was summoned at the London port, Submit an entry summary statement (ENS) to enter the EU. This is not limited to goods that will be unloaded at EU ports, but also FROB goods that are transited from Europe and shipped to subsequent non-EU ports.


Ocean Shipping (ONE) reminded in the announcement that if the UK has no agreement to leave the European Union on October 31, starting from that date, the UK will comply with the EU Customs 24 hours (EU24HR) in advance, as with any other non-EU country. Manifest system.

The EU24HR rules require shipping companies to submit entry declarations (ENS) to all relevant cargoes on ships that are linked to one or more EU ports. That is to say, all goods to the EU countries and transshipment through the EU countries, or to the ports of the European Union on the way, must submit complete and accurate ENS information before the ship arrives at the port of departure, until the ship is in charge of the customs of the first EU country.

In addition to the more complicated customs clearance, after the Brexit, the EU will no longer use the EU custom tariffs. Sino-British trade will operate according to WTO rules. The UK will make certain adjustments to the Sino-British trade policy according to its own situation.

In addition to the cargo is mainly facing a series of complicated new regulations, the port seems to be not ready.


In January of this year, international headhunting company Odgers Berndtson pointed out in the survey that only 16% of the 100 UK port authorities that accepted the survey said that the Brexit period was already 9 weeks before the Brexit deadline. The changes have come up with a “meaningful or practical” response plan. More than 80% of respondents “have almost no plans for Brexit.”

In addition, more than half of the port leaders (59%) expect Brexit to have a negative or even very negative impact on port operations, and they believe that port congestion and additional operational complexity are the two most likely and most pressing. problem. According to the UK Border Agency, if the UK "no agreement" to leave the European Union, the trade goods through the Dover port will be significantly reduced by more than 80% in six months.

In addition, Brexit will also hit the UK logistics industry.


According to the British Freight Forwarders Association (FTA), 12%, 14%, and 34% of the UK's HGV drivers, van drivers, and forklift drivers are non-UK EU nationals. According to the UK's Brexit immigration bill, the UK may There is a driver shortage crisis.

At present, British truck transporters can transport goods between any city in the EU, but after the Brexit, British truck drivers will be subject to the 1968 Vienna Road Traffic Convention, and the transport capacity will be greatly reduced, resulting in higher road transport prices. .

The latest documents from the British government also show that once the UK leaves the European Union, from November 1st, France will impose mandatory controls on British goods, and trucks may face up to two and a half days of delay before being allowed to transit (to enter the UK).

According to British media reports, because the British government did not introduce preventive measures and related work recommendations after the Brexit, it will lead to container truck drivers trapped in the ports on both sides of the English Channel. Additional customs inspections will greatly reduce the capacity of the Calais-Dover trade corridor, affecting 75% of the roll-on cargo from Europe through the Dover Straits, or the capacity of more than 4 million cargo trucks.

However, in the face of a foregone conclusion of the Brexit, the British government is also trying to use its means to make it a "soft landing". The port and shipping industry may not be too panicked while preparing for a positive response.


The UK will provide an additional 30 million pounds (about 270 million yuan) of emergency port funds in preparation for leaving the EU within 9 weeks. At the same time, the government also announced a £9 million allocation to the local council to ease the pressure on the UK to leave the European Union.

The UK Department of International Trade said in a statement that the UK plans to explore a new model of freeport after the "Brexit". Setting up a free port will ensure that UK airports and ports take full advantage of the opportunities after the “Brexit”, including the UK's trade with the trading partners to increase trade with the US and the fast-growing Asian market.

Doug Bannister, chief executive of Dover, said Dover said it was ready to leave the EU without an agreement. He believes that "once the rules of the game are known, the business will adapt and adapt very quickly."

The port circle (ID: gangkouquan) believes that in the next two weeks, the UK still has the opportunity to reach a Brexit agreement, and the specific impact of Brexit on the port industry remains variable. It is foreseeable that the completion of the Brexit in the UK will bring a certain degree of volatility to the global port industry, and all sectors of the port and shipping industry need to be prepared in advance to prevent it.

(Source: Shipping Consulting, Port Circle)