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Science! What are the chemicals shipping considerations? Do you understand?

  • Author:James
  • Source:Logistics Baba
  • Release Date:2018-06-22
Chemical shipping is an important part of the shipping market. Marine chemicals are also a very important part of every shipping person. So what are the precautions for shipping chemicals? Today, follow Xiaobian to learn about it.

First of all, let's first look at the chemicals mainly including:

Chemicals mainly include organic chemicals, inorganic chemicals, and vegetable oils and animal fats. The main types of organic chemicals include ethylene, ethylene dichloride, vinyl chloride monomer, styrene monomer, ethylene glycol, acetonitrile, benzene, methyl tert-butyl ether, etc., accounting for about 46% of the ocean freight of chemicals. The types of inorganic chemicals are mainly phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid, and sodium hydroxide, which account for about 15% of the seaborne volume of chemicals; vegetable oils and animal fats account for about 25% of the seaborne volume of chemicals.

In addition to the above categories of goods that are required to be carried by chemical tankers, other chemicals with large transport volumes include lubricating oil and syrup. The shipping volume of lubricating oil is about 6 million tons per year, and the shipping volume of syrup is over 700 per year. Ten thousand tons.

China is a large shipping country with the potential to develop the maritime transport of chemicals. With the rise of the Chinese economy in the world, China’s chemical marine transportation will surely have a leap forward. What are the things that need to pay attention to when looking at chemicals shipping?

1. Understand the basic properties of chemicals

In order to safely carry out international shipping of chemicals, it is necessary to have a detailed understanding of some of the basic properties of chemicals, such as toxicity, ignition point, volatility, etc., and they are specifically noted in the relevant documents to facilitate packing by the operators. Loading and unloading work.

2. Comply with the regulations for the transport of dangerous goods and follow the process

In the process of chemical transportation, special attention should be paid to the relevant processes and regulations. For example, some dangerous goods must be handled in accordance with the relevant regulations for the transport of dangerous goods. The packaging must be secure and the label must be affixed. During the packing process, open flames and high temperatures should be avoided. This can effectively prevent the explosion and evaporation of chemicals and ensure the safety and health of personnel. When selecting a container, it is also necessary to inspect the container in particular. For example, there are no cracks, or whether the door can be closed and so on. When carrying out international shipments of chemicals, special attention must be paid to the fact that the goods must all be put into the container, and there should be no situation where the doors cannot be closed or sealed.

3. Chemical Marine Common Problems

a. What certification documents are required for the export of chemicals?

Generally, it is necessary to provide MSDS and ocean shipping power of attorney. If it is a dangerous goods, it is also required to provide the packing certificate of dangerous goods, the identification report of the Institute of Chemical Industry, and the normal customs declaration data.

b. Why MSDS is required for the export of dangerous goods and general chemicals?

MSDS is an important document for transmitting chemical hazard information. It briefly describes the hazards of a chemical to human health and the environment and provides information on safe handling, storage and use of the chemical. U.S., Japan, EU countries and other developed countries have generally established and implemented the MSDS system. According to the chemicals management regulations of these countries, manufacturers of hazardous chemicals usually provide a safety data sheet for their products when they sell, ship, or export their products.

At present, foreign requirements for MSDS (SDS) have been expanded to almost all chemicals. At this point, chemicals exported to developed countries now basically require MSDS (SDS) to successfully declare customs. And some foreign buyers will ask for the MSDS (SDS) for the goods. Some foreign companies or joint ventures in China will also request this.

4. Information required for the export of chemicals (not classified as dangerous goods):

a. Before going to export, do a chemical inspection report (certificate of cargo transportation condition) to prove that this cargo is not dangerous.

b. FCL - Some ships require a certificate, and some do not. In addition, a non-endangered guarantee letter and goods MSDS must be issued, both of which are indispensable.

c. Consolidation - need to provide non-danger letter and cargo description (Chinese and English name, molecular structure, appearance and purpose).

5. Chemicals are required for export of dangerous goods:

a. Before exporting, it is necessary to make an appraisal result (danger certificate) for the transportation package of outbound dangerous goods. Of course, the MSDS is also required.

b. FCL - before the booking needs to provide the above two kinds of documents to apply, and other ship owners review. General situation 3-5 days can know the owner does not accept

this product. Dangerous goods booking should be applied as early as possible 10 to 14 days, giving the consignor and freight forwarder ample time.

c. Consolidation - also need to provide the risk of dangerous package and MSDS, cargo weight and volume before booking.