Your position:Home > News > Introduction to container frei.....

Introduction to container freight term, freight forwarding and foreign trade instructions

  • Release Date:2024-01-15

According to the type of cargo, there are grocery containers, bulk containers, liquid containers, refrigerated box containers, etc.; According to manufacturing materials, there are wood containers, steel containers, aluminum alloy containers, glass reinforced reinforced containers, stainless steel containers, etc.;There are folding containers, fixed containers, etc., can also be divided into closed containers, opening top containers, shelf containers, etc. in a fixed container;Ton container, 2.5 -ton container, etc.Container computing unit

Container Leasing

The container owner rented the empty box to a business.The owner of the container is the party of the rental container. The user is generally a ship company or the owner. The two parties signed a lease contract for the rental party.The lesson provided by the lessor to the lessee is used by the lessee within the agreed range.There are many different ways of container leasing in the world. In general, including rent, term rent, current lease and humping areas.

Container Terminal

During container transportation, the specific scheduled departments of the box or cargo loading and unloading exchanges.It has entrusted by the transporter or its agent to carry out the following businesses:

(1) Exchange and custody of the entire box of freight.

(2) Those who have container freight stations to handle the transfer of illustrations.

(3) Arrange the berth, load and unloading container, and prepare the load diagram per voyage.

(4) Apply for compilation of cargo transportation documents.

(5) Preparation and signing the relevant documents of the access and circulation of the container using the carrier.

(6) Check the case of container and carrying tools, loading and unloading tools, repair, repair, and the cleaning of the empty box, fumigation and other work.

(7) The receiving, storage and storage of empty boxes.

(8) Arrange the stack of empty boxes and heavy boxes in the yard, and the establishment of the venue allocation plan.

(9) Other related business work.The container loading and unloading area is generally composed of dedicated docks, cutting -edge, stacking, freight stations, command tower, repair departments, doors, and offices.Sometimes the yard or freight station can extend to a transit station 5 to 15 kilometers in the urban area.

Marshalling Yard in front of the container

In front of the container terminal, the venue of the container is temporarily stacked to accelerate the loading and unloading operation of the ship.Its role is: Before the container ship arrived at the port, the export container was neatly stacked in order to be neatly stacked in order. When unloading the ship, the imported containers were temporarily stacked in front of the pier to accelerate the ship loading and unloading operations.

Container Yard behind the container

Container heavy boxes or empty boxes are transferred, storage and stacked.Some countries do not distinguish the yard in front or rear stacks for the container yard, collectively referred to as the yard.The rear stack of the container is an integral part of the container loading area.It is a place where the container transportation "field arrival" handover method is handed over to hand over the handover (in fact, the transfer is actually handed over at the "gate" of the container unloading area).

Van Pool

Specialized to handle the venues of empty box collection, storage, stacking or transfer.It is set up for the container loading and unloading area or the lack of transshipment stations.This kind of yard does not handle heavy boxes or cargo transfer.It can be operated alone, or it can be set up separately from the area outside the container loading area.Some capitalist countries, operating such empty -box stacks, must be declared to the Shipping Association.

Container Freight Station

Places to handle the shipping and unpacking of the boxes and the unpacking of the cargo.The carrier can only entrust a container freight station operator at a port or inland city.On behalf of the carrier, it handles the following main business:

(1) Follow -up goods and handover.

(2) When there are abnormalities for the appearance of the cargo, you can handle annotations.

(3) Discover and packets of the layout goods.

(4) Ship and storage of imported boxes.

(5) Inheritors of the transporter plus lead seal and issue receipts.

(6) Apply for various documents and preparation.

Consignment responsibility (Shipper's Liabilities)

Consignor's responsibilities in container transportation.This responsibility is different from traditional maritime transport.The responsibility of the setting carrier consignment is the same as that of traditional sea transportation.The responsibility of the entire box consignor is not as good as traditional transportation:

(1) The correct and completeness of the shipping information of the reported goods should be ensured.

(2) The carrier has the right to check the goods installed in the box.

(3) The out of the box inspection of the customs or other authorities, the cost of the cost of the goods is not the same as the loss of the goods.

(4) If the container is dissatisfied, or the pad is poor, the accumulation is improper, or the goods that are not suitable for container transportation are installed, which causes cargo damage and poor goods, which is responsible for the shipper.

(5) If the carrier's own unsuitable container is used, the cargo damage accident caused by the shipping should be responsible for the shipper.

(6) The damage to the third -party property or life during the use of the carrier container and equipment shall be compensated by the shipper.

Limits of liability

There is a difference in goods damage in the container transportation, and the maximum compensation of the carrier should bear.The liability for illustrations is the same as traditional transportation.The compensation for the whole box of goods is based on some international jurisdictions. If there is no number of goods installed in the box on the bill of launch, each box is used as a claim calculation unit.If the number of loading parts in the box in the bill of lading is still calculated according to the number of pieces.If the damage and loss of the goods belong to the sea transport, but occur in inland transportation, it will be handled according to the highest compensation amount of the land transportation.If the container is owned or provided by the shipper or provided, it is lost or damaged, and its responsibility is indeed the carrier's undertaking, and it should also be regarded as a claim calculation unit.